Egypt is a North African country which now known as the Arab republic of Egypt that resides in between the northeast corner of Africa and the southwest corner of Asia. The name “Egypt” is a Greek originated word that comes from the word “Aegyptos”. This country is considered to the home of one of the most ancient and oldest civilizations on planet earth. In Ancient Egypt, the Egyptians who lived at that time called their country “Kemet” which means “Black Land” because of the rich and dark soil along the River Nile where the first of them settled. Later on, the country was called “Misr” meaning “country” and this is the name Egyptians still call their nation till this present time.
Egyptian thrive for thousands of years BeforeChrist (BC) being independent and their culture were at that time recognized as very famous, well-organized and intriguing as the made early advances in every area of human knowledge and behavior from religion to arts then science and eventually also explored the area of technology too. Egypt then were to known be very structural in every aspect of their lives and till this present day are still very much famous and celebrated for their great monuments which reflects the grandeur and magnificence of the Ancient Egyptian culture that made significant influence on the civilizations of Ancient Rome and Greece.
The Egyptian inventions were numerous and the skills and analytic levels to these creations are absolutely mind blowing. Here are the top rated inventions of the Ancient Civilized Egyptians.
These pyramids are the most-recognized inventions that were created and designed by the ancient Egyptians. These pyramids were built under the influence of pure mathematics and calculations that were seen to be more advanced than the time of their creation as these geometrically solid with a square and four equilateral triangles as its sides. Egyptians built these pyramids to be primary tombs to the deceased kings and also be used as temples were they practice their religion. The construction process to them decades and they were built away from the major cities.
The Egyptians believed that these pyramids were channels or pathways for souls in the afterlife of the Field of Reese to be able to come back to earth and they built over seventy of them. During the regime of Snofru, that is the time of the Fourth Dynasty, was when the most popular pyramid was built. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the popular and known because it’s the largest of them all. This particular pyramid was the king’s chamber that contained the sarcophagus that held the king’s body; the walls were crafted with galleries of art called Hieroglyphs that contained some hidden encrypted ancient Egyptian messages.
The ancient Egyptians were known to be the first people on planet earth that starts taking recording of days and nights. Ancient Egyptians are credited with the creation of the first kind of calendar called the solar calendar. This calendar portrays the position of the earth as it rotates around the sun.
The calendar was developed mainly because of farming; they wanted to keep tabs on the annual flooding of the Nile. They had three season namely inundation, growing & harvest where each of these seasons had four months and each month comprises of 30 days. After these, to honor the Children of Gods extra five days were added in between inundation and harvest seasons making it 365 days altogether. The five days added to honor the Children of Gods were considered as religious holidays.
The Egyptians were so advanced that had the idea of calculating time as early as the 3,500BC and they invented the sun clock (sundial). The sundial made it possible to differentiate between and predict morning, afternoon and night. The oldest surviving sun clock was found in the 2013 in the Valley of the Kings. The valley of kings was the burial place of rulers from Egypt new kingdom which dates as far back as the 1,500BC.
This sundial had one day divided into 10 sections, each having two twilight hours which represented morning and evening. The equipment had a rod with twelve demarcations around it, when placed under the sun the shadow of the rod will let you know the exact time of the day.
The cutting and fixing of hair to beautify a person started from the Ancient Egypt. These till this modern time has not gone out of style and it’s still considered very useful till his very present hour. Back then, because of the blazing sun and the terrible heat in Egypt, the Egyptians shaved their hairs and beards regularly. And this was a way of fashion to the Egyptians.
The first shaving tool was created with some short stone blades which were placed upon a wooden handle. They later replaced the stone blades with copper razors. And as you can see they were also the first to start the barbing profession.
As they originated the barbing profession, they also started the hairstyle and hairdressing profession as well. The Egyptian women made use of artificial hair made out from sheep coal to beautify themselves, but most times served was a mark of their social status. While the men most especially the kings wore artificial beards that were more than two inches long and shaped them to be square at the base. As an a male citizen you are not allowed to wear more that 2 inches of beards on your face and these beard-wearing was practiced because the Egyptians believed that their gods had elegant-longer looking beards.
The ancient Egyptians were also famous and well known for always trying to beautify everything that they laid their hands upon. Cosmetics and makeup can be dated as far as 4000 BC when the Egyptians used it for aesthetic and salubrious reasons. It was worn by both men and women regardless of their social status.
Kohl was the name given to the ointment in which they used to do their eye make-up. The kohl was formed by putting together malachite and galena (black ointment form by mixing soot with a lead mineral) to form a greenish pigmented substance. The kohl was applied by making use of a small stick similar the use of the eye liners that women use to apply eye make-up these days. The ancient Egyptians painted their upper eyelids and draw across a line from the corner of their eyes to outwardly to the sides.
The ancient Egyptians believed that applying cosmetics was a form of magic and also a healing procedure for the sick. For instance, they believed that the kohl make-up that was applied to their eyes were to keep the eyes from having infections. The Egyptians amongst themselves still had make-up artiste who were referred to as professional cosmetician, persons who the wealthy people will call to help them get their cosmetic applied.
These cosmetics were very important to them and so left some in the tombs of the dead believing that they will need it in their afterlife.
Yes, this may sound odd could we all believed that it was the Greeks who came first with the knowledge of Mathematics, but that’s not true. Although, the Greeks were very skilled in mathematics and logarithms but this didn’t make them the inventors. The Egyptians invented the basics of mathematics which are arithmetic and geometry and they used their skills mainly for practical applications like measurements, business, transactions etc. A typical example of this is the pyramids. The pyramids are mathematically symmetrical in height, size and location to each other and issue was that they just never saw their knowledge of mathematics to be a theoretical one.
As early as 2,700 BC the Egyptians came up with the idea of the earliest numeration system of five numbers at least and the oldest mathematical text was found in Egypt in 2,000BC, one that was called the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus.
Now you know that the ancient Greeks never invented mathematics but only developed, improved and took better recordings on what the Egyptians came up with.
Ancient Egyptians ate a lot of bread which had loads of gloat and sand in them which constantly cracked their teeth’s enamels. So this case needed a solution which led to invention of toothpicks and toothbrushes to keep their teeth healthy. Their toothbrushes were calved out of woods and same goes with their toothpicks.
They made their toothpastes out of ashes, burnt eggshells, pumice combined with the powder of ox hooves.
Back then, the ancient Egyptians fell of the wrong foot with the idea that bad breath was a symptom of poor immune system or bad health and decided to create mints that could help suppress bad odor. The first breath mints were formed out of the mixture of myrrh, frankincense, cinnamon and boiled honey. The mints really helped deal with the unpleasant odor that came from their mouths.
The ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife, plenty gods and goddesses which made to actually start the process of mummification (to preserve the human body from decaying). They whole heartedly believed that when a Pharaoh dies his life energy (ka) would move from his body to another realm temporarily so it was important to them to preserve the body from decaying when the spirit returns. The process of mummification included using the mixture of water and palm wine to clean the bodies and carefully removing all the internal organs which were placed in jars. The only organ they would not move was the heart.
Each of these organs had to be placed in their own separate jars. They had just four jars in total for each body where they put the intestines, stomach, lungs and also the liver. After the processes, they would then wrap the bodies with linen and each had a special room or space to be placed in the Egyptian pyramids. Beside the wrapped they also placed amulets which we considered to be their form of lucky charms to give protection from evil.
In 1922, the famous mask of the mummy that belonged to king Tutankhamun was discovered in one of the pyramids were his was buried.
The ancient Egypt made use of writing materials named Papyrus where they used mostly red and black ink to make markings and drawings on the thick paper. The black ink was the often used one for writing in hieroglyphs. This ink was very black like carbon black and could not deteriorate when been applied over the papyrus to write.
To get this carbonated ink they will burn oil or wood and then use water to mix the residue to form the ink. They also did use other materials like yellow ochre and malachite to form the pigments. The arsenic pigments like orpiment and realgar were also used to develop colors like red and yellow which most often faded when exposed to direct sunlight.
The Egyptians were the very first civilization to develop the skills of translating spoken language into written form. Most of their writing was in codes that mostly only them could read and translate. As the Egyptians believed in so many gods, they also did believe that writing was invented by god Thoth and thus gave name to their script calling it “the words of gods”.
Writing in Egypt dates far as 3,400 BC, although most of their writings in the beginning were in pictorial forms as it was later being modified into abstract forms.
When the country Egypt is being spoken about, many thoughts do come into our minds; firstly, Cleopatra, the beauty goddess or sometimes the pyramid of Giza or it could also be the mask of Tutankhamun. All these ancient artifacts and inventions are real and as you can see the Egyptians always kept on finding solution to their problems.
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