Top Inventions of Persian Civilizations

Top Inventions of Persian Civilizations

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Persian civilization was one of the few most advanced civilizations at its time. It started in 550 BC when most of the civilizations in the world were illiterate. Those civilizations used ancient methods for their daily routine like eating, living, and traveling purposes. At that time, Persians were the most advanced people. Most of their inventions are still in use which reflect the level of knowledge and creativity of Persians at that time.

Furthermore, today there are a lot of concepts which were given by Persian and now are used worldwide. They just used common sense to take benefits from natural sources to develop several technologies. In this era, Persian invented items are widely in use. You probably have used at least one of their inventions. If you are wondering to know complete details about Persian inventions, you are at right place to know complete details about their period. In below, you can read the top inventions by Persian civilization.

Algebra

Algebra
Algebra

Today, almost every person used to read Algebra in the school or college courses. Algebra is used in Astronomy, Geography, and Mathematics. Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarazmi was a Muslim scholar and mathematician from Persia. He was best known for his work in Algebra. He worked hard to discover various algebraic methods and methodologies which are still in use.

Although there was a lot of other mathematicians, who worked on Algebra but Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarazmi proposed and taught Algebra as an individual science. Also, he calculated and proposed thousands of methods, formulas, and rules which gave us information about space, earth, and other related fields. So, we can say that the father of Algebra was a scholar from Persian. In other words, Algebra is a great invention of Persian civilization.

Battery

Battery
Battery

The battery was first designed and made by Persian people. That battery was simple and could produce the current of 1.5 to 2.0 volts. Although this is a minimal amount of current, yet it was a great invention at that time. It consisted of three major components; a pot, a metallic rod and a rod used a cell.

The concept was very simple as they used a pot containing an electrolyte and a rod which was used as a cell. Persian people invented battery, and later on, each civilization worked on its concept to get better results. Today, we are using batteries in its advanced form in almost every field of our life. We can say that all of the credit of inventing battery goes to the Persian civilization.

Alcohol

Alcohol
Alcohol

Today, Alcohol is one of the mostly used products in the world. It is used in drinks, foods, and preservatives in its different states and different compositions. It was first invented by a Persian physician named Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi. He worked on different gases and chemicals and invented Alcohol.

Later on, the form of Alcohol was simplified by other people. We know that Alcohol is dangerous for health and its overdose can cause death. That’s the reason why people worked on its composition to make it useful in various conditions. In short, Alcohol is another invention by a Persian person.

The concept of human rights

The concept of human rights
The concept of human rights

The proper concept of human rights was given by the Persian king named Cyrus the Great. Cyrus the Great created a cylinder which is known as Cyrus Cylinder. There were different scripts written on it which were in native language, i.e. Persian. A complete declaration was written on this cylinder which delivered important points about human rights. That declaration is considered as the world’s first charter of human rights. By now, it is not in its original condition but is kept in the British Museum. A team discovered it in the ruins of Babylon in pieces.

Today, there are thousands of organizations are working on human rights and most of them are influenced by Cyrus Cylinder. The scripts were written on it give us the information about human rights regardless of the working field. It means we can take all benefits of the concept of human rights which were proposed by Persians.

Refrigerator

Refrigerator
Refrigerator

The first ever refrigeration method was invented by the Persian civilization. They used a special material which was made by clay, sand, lime and white eggs. The material was capable of resisting heat for long duration of time. It was a dome-shaped structure which had seceral spaces to store different items. It could store ice, food and all other types of items to refrigerate them.

There were different sections in this refrigerator, and each section was specially designed to store a specific type of item. It was so useful that it could store ice and dry foods in it in the hottest summers of the desert. Later on, the same concept was used by different civilizations in other forms and now we have the well-designed refrigerators which we use in our daily lives.

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid
Sulfuric acid

Muslim scientists and chemists have done significant work for chemistry and physics. They introduced a lot of scientific terms, chemicals, concepts and machines which are still in use. A Persian chemist Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi worked on various gases, fuels, chemicals, and substances. He is considered a big name in the history of chemistry and physics due to his great inventions and discoveries. The invention of Sulfuric acid along with its related components was one of his great works.

Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi had deep knowledge of chemicals and worked for several years to discover different gases and substances like Methane and the components of natural gas. Today, Sulfuric Acid is the mostly used acid in the global chemical industry, it was invented by Persian civilization.

Animation

Animation
Animation

Another amazing concept developed by Persian civilization is animation. Today, the animation and motion graphics industry is one of the largest industries in the world. This industry produces billions of dollars every year. From movies to games and from TV serials to ads, animation has become an essential part of our lives. In Iran, a set of similar images was discovered by a team at a burial site. They found the set of images consisting of a goat, jumping and eating leaves from a tree. They did not notice the combination at first. However, later on, it was observed by an archaeologist that all of these images are related to each other in a specific manner. When they combined the images, simple animation was represented. This was the most wonderful discovery as those images were believed to be more than 5000 years old.

The Persian civilization used the concept of animation 5000 years ago. Today we are using their animation concept in our lives. The idea of animation has been changed, but the basic concept is same which says that combining a set of images in a specific manner can produce a animation. By using this technique, we have made advanced 2D and 3D animations with photo-realistic graphics and visual effects.

Backgammon

Backgammon
Backgammon

Backgammon is a board game which was design and plan in Iran. It consists of a board with some small rolls and dice. Two players can play this game, the one who removes the pieces of opponent wins the game. A few years ago, this game was discovered at the old ruins of Iran by a team. It tells us that the board games which we play today are the advanced and modified versions of the original Backgammon game. The Backgammon game also influences the games like carom and chess.

Backgammon game is still played in Iran and other countries. You can easily see this game in the parks and hotels of Iran. People play this game, even some small competitions of Backgammon are held all across the world. So this great game has survived for several thousand years. It means we can consider that Persian civilization was also good in games and entertainment field.

The postal service

The postal service
The postal service

The Persian people also introduced the postal service. Several thousand years ago, the Persian civilization invented a way to deliver posts from one place to another. Their concept was straightforward. They used a straightforward way to cover a limited distance for postal services. The persons who used to deliver the posts were called Chapars in the native language. They used horses to deliver posts. The post concept was originally introduced by Cyrus the Great, and later on, his followers used the same concept.

Not only this, all the later civilizations used the same postal service to deliver their messages easily and effectively. Now after the technology revolution, this postal service has been changed in almost all terms. However, in some regions of the world, we still have the same concept which was used in the Persia thousands of years ago.

Water irrigation system

Water irrigation system
Water irrigation system

The first ever water irrigation system was also introduced by the Persian civilization. The first system was named Qanat which was in the native language. They used a simple system of tubes and pipes to deliver water from one place to another. The water was supplied to people for home and agricultural. The most wonderful thing about Qanat is that it is still used in some of the cities of Iran.

A city in Iran named Gonabad uses the same water irrigation system which is more than 2700 years old. It is still in use and supplies water to people for their daily needs. This tells us how advanced and scientific was the Persian civilization. Although they used simple and natural things to build the irrigation system, yet they gave a concept to the world about delivering water to a long distances.

Hookah

Hookah
Hookah

Hookah is basically a small piped system used for smoking and vaporizing along with some flavors and tastes. There are different parts of a hookah each providing a special functionality to it. The water is used for vaporizing, the pipes are used for smoking, and the base is used for flavoring. The Persian civilization invented Hookah and used it for hundreds of years. It was the basic and most commonly used way to smoke and vaporize. Even kings and ottomans used Hookah for their personal use.

After some time, Hookah was developed in a better form and used by other civilizations as well as in other regions of the world. Now, Hookah is used in almost every region in the world with hundreds of different types.

Guitar

Guitar
Guitar

The Persian civilization also invented some musical instruments which are still in use and guitar is one of them. In the Persian civilization era, some people made a very simple version of a guitar named ‘Tar’ which was made from a wooden box along with some strings attached. It worked like a small music system and produced music when strings were plucked in a specific manner. This was a great invention at that time because there were only a few musical instruments that time. After some time of its invention, the empires became addicted to the guitar music and the musicians used to play it before the empires on a regular basis. It was considered a sign of comfort and relaxation.

Today, we have a lot of guitar types which produce different types of music with different tones. All of these guitars are the advanced versions of the original guitar made by the Persian civilization. So we can say that the Persian people worked a lot in the music field too.

Final words

The Persian civilization is recognized one of the most advanced and modern civilizations of its time. They were very advanced in almost every field of life. From medical to transport and from food to chemical industry, Persian people have invented a lot of things which we are still using in our daily lives. We should admire them because they gave new ideas and today we are making our lives full of comfort.

Tags: Persian Empire Facts,  Persian Empire Inventions

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