Top Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia

Top Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia played a vital role for many different inventions and discoveries. The people of Mesopotamia invented many great things. Those inventions and discoveries were so useful that we still use most of them today. You will see the Mesopotamia’s inventions every day, directly or indirectly. For example, the most used invention of Mesopotamia is the wheel. Before transport system, people used animals to travel from one place to another. These animals were horses, camels, donkeys, and elephants. Such animals were a good source of traveling, but they used to take a lot of time for long distances. Later on, people of Mesopotamia invented the wheel. It was such a helpful invention for humanity.

Today, we use wheels in different forms and shapes in almost every field of life. There are many tools, devices, and machines which work on the principles of wheels. It is safe to say the wheel was a revolutionary invention of Mesopotamia’s people. Mesopotamia people also created many other things. We would love to present some of greatest inventions here.

Farming and agriculture

Farming and agriculture

The most considerable invention of Mesopotamia’s people was agriculture. The Mesopotamia region is several thousand years old. At that time, there was no technology and revolution. People were very simple. They crafted and carved woods to make their own homes.

Another interesting fact about Mesopotamia’s region is their lifestyle. They used to live in different areas at different times. They used to survive by hunting. In different regions, there was a particular time when hunting was suitable. After that specific time, the hunt couldn’t be taking place. That’s why the older people used to live in different regions.

Today they couldn’t live in a particular region for a very long time due to the food demand and food consumption. Once the food was over, they had to move to a new place. The invention of agriculture changed all this. Mesopotamia people invented a new way to harvest different plants. These plants could give them food, water, and wood. Their initial system was elementary. Various farmers were appointed to be supplied with a particular amount of water. They were ordered to take care of harvested plants. After some time, they started getting food and water from those plants. This was a successful discovery..

Chariot

Chariot

The chariot was another great invention by the people of Mesopotamia. It was originally based on two wheels which were attached with an animal like a horse. The two-wheeled system was attached to the animal using wood and ropes. This was considered the best way of travelling that time because no other travelling source was available except animals.

The Chariot was based on wheels which were also invented by the people in Mesopotamia region. After the invention of Chariot, it was upgraded to four and six wheels which had more capacity for passengers. It was faster due to its many wheel system. Different civilizations and nations used Chariot in its basic and advanced forms. Even the kings and most influential persons in some regions used Chariots in their times. Today you can also see chariots in some regions around the world.

Map

Map

A map is the most common way to find a place anywhere around the world. Whether you are new to a specific region or you are just looking for any new place around you, maps become very handy in such situations. Mesopotamia people invented the maps.

Scientists have found the oldest map in the history which is around 2300 BC old. A research team discovered this map in the northern Iraq region which was originally Mesopotamia. They found a map on clay tabs which was created by pointing the main regions, places, and noticeable areas. For example, the grounds, forest, and the living site were included in that map. It tells us that Mesopotamia people invented maps which are still in use. They designed a simple diagram which was created on clay. Now, we have the advanced forms of the map like in our mobiles and computer systems.

Metal fabrication

Metal fabrication

Metal fabrication was started by the Mesopotamia and the people around its region. Mesopotamia people were so advanced in every field that they invented and discovered a lot of metallic things which are still in use. They were advanced and had great knowledge about metals like copper, gold and iron.

They not only had knowledge about metals, but they also invented metal fabrication and made a lot of pots, weapons and food holders. First metal to be fabricated was copper which was fabricated several thousand years ago. People of Mesopotamia casted it in the mold to make some useful things. Initially, they only made some simple plates and weapons. Later on, they started making vessels, jugs, and jars which were a bit more complicated.

Cursive Writing

Cursive Writing

Today, different forms of writing are used, and cursive writing is one of those. Cursive writing is a joined writing style which is used to make the writing more understandable and faster. There are some regions around the world which take cursive writing as their primary writing style.

Originally, cursive writing was invented by the people of Mesopotamia. They started writing on clay slabs and rocks. Their writing style was consisted of a few symbols and words which were used to convey some message from one person to another. So, we can say that the cursive writing concept came from Mesopotamia. The cursive writing style we use in English and other languages today is also influenced by the writing of Mesopotamia people.

Concept of urbanization

Cursive Writing

The people of Mesopotamia invented the concept of urbanization for the first time in history. They proposed the concept of living in a specific part or place of land. This was only possible while using agriculture which was also invented by the people of Mesopotamia. If there was not enough food, they have to move to another place to feed animals and humans. So, they started a small urban area in which a specific amount of people used to live.

They had their own way of the living, transport system and even a complete tax system. Small bricks were used to make the urban areas in which small houses and fields were included. Later on, this urbanization concept became very popular all around the world and almost every civilization adopted this concept. So, it was a fantastic concept given by the Mesopotamia region.

Time

Time

The Mesopotamia civilization invented the concept of time. They gave the idea of time at first. Studies show that the people of Mesopotamia region originally invented the time format which we are using today. It is also a fact that some previous civilizations and nations also gave the concept of time. However, the most applied and understandable concept was based on 60 system which is still in use.

Not just the concept of time, they also invented the thought of past, present, and future. The purpose behind this was to figure out the circumstances. The Mesopotamia people carefully noticed the time for several months and years. They figured out that there are some regular intervals between days and nights which change with different weather. Firstly, they invented a simple system which was only consisted of time divisions. Later on, they developed an advanced time system which included seconds, minutes and hours. Each of these units was well defined. At present, we are currently using the same time concept which was first known as base-60 time method as it consisted 60 seconds and 60 minutes in it.

Board games

Board games

The people of Mesopotamia participated in entertainment events and games. They used to play a different type of board games at their time. The oldest board game was found by a team which is said to be more than 4000 years old. It consisted of small painted stones which had different patterns on it.

Some dice are found with different numbering and painting which were used with the stone board. The first board game was originated from the Mesopotamia region. Just after its invention, people started making and playing such board games in different cultures and civilizations. It was the only entertainment at that time as no internet, or other facilities were available.

Astrology and astronomy

Astrology and astronomy

Mesopotamia people gave us the concept of Astrology and Astronomy. Those people were very creative and used to think about every field of life in depth. Most of the people were used to go to mountains and the highest reachable points to figure out what was happening in the sky and how the sun and stars were working.

They worked on astrology and astronomy very deeply and invented several ways to get information about these things. There were also aware of the connection between stars and fate. They used to believe that each bad and pleasant day was affiliated with a sta. They believed that any happening with a person was due to stars movements. Their information about astrology and astronomy was so reliable that today we use some of their provided methods and formulas to figure out different things and happenings outside of this earth.

Soap

Soap

The credit of soap invention also goes to the Mesopotamia people. The oldest soap evidence was found and believed to exists back to 2800 BC. Several thousand years ago, when different civilizations and cultures made some of the modern inventions, the Mesopotamia region invented a cleaning material which is now called soap. They made it by mixing the animal fats with wood ash in a particular amount along with water added to it.

They used soap to clean clothes or other stuff which they considered as dirty and unclean. Different types of solvents were created with different formulas and different cleaning capabilities. However, all of those were useful and adopted by people. Their soap compositions traveled all around the world and helped different nations of the world.

Mathematics

Mathematics

Every civilization has worked on mathematics. In every particular period, different people used to work on mathematics and invented different mathematical ways to apply in real life. Math has been used in daily life for thousands of years. From travelling to science field and from astronomy to the medical field, math is applied everywhere. It provides us with the best ways to find a solution to a problem.

Mesopotamia people worked on mathematics and invented some different formulas and methods which are still applied in daily lives. Various types of stones and clay slots have been found in the Mesopotamia region which tell us how advanced were Mesopotamia civilization in mathematics at that time. Remember that the base-60 time method which we discussed above was also math based.

Law system

Law system

Another great invention of Mesopotamia people was a law system. When there was enough advancement in almost every field of life, crimes and misunderstandings began to happen. People who used to live in urban areas and other places had a different mindset. That’s why conflict started.

Crimes began due to the uncommon resource distribution among the people. To handle this situation, Mesopotamia people invented a system which they named as law system. This was the complete method of handling crimes and misunderstanding. They designed a proper code of conduct which was consisted of different terms related to each field of life. Those terms were then distributed and taught to everyone to bring peace in their culture and society.

Tags: The Mesopotamians, Mesopotamian inventions

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