The Top Supreme Military Commanders of Ancient World

The Top Supreme Military Commanders of Ancient World

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War does not determine who is right, only who is left -Bertrand Russell-. Some say, war is a solution to a problem, yet it still left some other huge problems behind. Poverty, starvation, genocide, the abolished of legal government, are some side effects of war. War also becomes a gloomy process of the birth of supreme military commanders. They were able to provoke their men to fight till the last breathe. A supreme military commander was able to strike their people to support the war with unlimited logistic supply along the war zone.

12. Tiglath-Pileser III (unknown-727 BC, Assyria)

The Top Supreme Military Commanders of Ancient World: Tiglath-Pileser III (unknown-727 BC, Assyria)
The Top Supreme Military Commanders of Ancient World: Tiglath-Pileser III (unknown-727 BC, Assyria)

Tiglath Pileser III was not only known as the Assyrian supreme military commander, but also a founder of new Assyria. He expanded his domination to almost of all kingdom in the Middle East. Uartu, one of the most powerful kingdom at the time, was defeated by his men in the first year of his reign. This defeated kingdom was ruled by Sarduri II. Before it was defeated by Tiglath-Pileser III, Sarduri III had conquered northern Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, and western Iran. The victory of Uartu was one of the greatest achievement of Tiglath-Pileser III.

11. Chandragupta Maurya (340 BC – 298 BC, India)

Maurya Empire was built by the supreme military commander, Chandragupta Maurya, he was also the ruler of Kshatriya Varna. He integrated India into one great kingdom. During his reign, Macedonia with its great leader, Alexander the Great tried to spread out Hellenic culture in India. Chandragupta Maurya is the grandfather of another great Indian king, Asoka.

10. Leonidas (540 – 480 BC, Greece)

Zack Snyder, an American filmmaker, had successfully adopted a Spartan supreme military commander, Leonidas, into his film, 300. Thermopylae Battle had become the major significant element of his military campaign against Xerxes of Persia. The war between Leonidas’ army and Xerxes’ army was about 3 days. At the end of the war, Leonidas had stayed with his 300 spartans, 900 helots, and 700 Thespians against thousands of Xerxes’ army. Leonidas knew with his magnificent fighting spirit even he had a small army with him.

9. Hammurabi (1810-1750 BC, Babylon)

The ancient Babylon has Hammurabi as their supreme military commander. Hammurabi is well known with Hammurabi’s Code – one of the oldest written law in the world.

Hammurabi had allied with Larsa when Elamites invaded Mesopotamia from east. This alliance did not work well, Hammurabi was defeated. He ended the alliance and invaded Larsa from Lsin and uruk. Lagash and Nippur was his later alliance after he defeated Larsa. He was also able to conquer Nippur and Lagash. His great strategy in conquered that kingdom was blocking the water source to the city until they surrendered.

Despite his great strategy, Hammurabi was famous among his people. He built buildings, canal, and established the great law system during his reign.

Ramses had several campaigns to protect Egypt’s border. Nubian and Hittite held back his territories during his reign.

8. Ramses II (1303-1213 BC, Egypt)

This Egypt king was the greatest Pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Most Ramsesses focused on developing his kingdom by building the temples, monuments. Ramses II was known as a supreme military commander of ancient Egypt.

In 1247 BC, the battle of Kadesh happened. In this battle, the army formation, the strategy, and different tactics were discovered.

7. Khalid Bin Walid (592-642 AD, Arabia)

Along with the growth of Islam as a new world power in the 7th century, Khalid bin Walid has also emerged as a supreme military commander from Arabia. He is a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, and he was undefeatable in hundreds of battle.

In Uhud battle, Khalid had become a key, he commanded Madinah forces. He has not included the first group who converted to Islam, but when finally he converted to Islam, Khalid’s military tactics were very helpful.

6. Trajan (53 AD – 17 AD, Rome)

He was a Roman emperor. Dacia and Moldova are some part that was conquered by this supreme military commander. His next military campaign was Parthians, then he conquered Mesopotamia and establishing a new province.

5. Sun Tzu (544 BC – 496 BC, China)

The Art of War is the well-known masterpiece of this supreme military commander. He recognized as one of the most prominent Chinese strategic experts in the ancient era. His book was also inspired many generals in the modern era to use and to copy the strategy. Not only in conventional war, but his book also used in culture, politic, sport, business, and modern warfare.

4. Julius Caesar (100 – 44 BC, Rome)

He is the most popular Roman emperor of all. During his reign, this Roman supreme military commander had conquered Gaul (France, Switzerland, Belgium, and northern Italy- modern day). Britain was also in his list during his reign. In his era, Roman

3. Cyrus the Great (600-530 BC, Persia)

Rome, Persia, and later Arabia was three ancient superpower countries at the time. Persia under the Cyrus the Great had successfully conquered Medes and integrated the whole of Iran under only the one ruler. In his era, Persia had the vision to be the largest empire in the world. His military campaign made him become one of the supreme military commanders in the world. He created the first human right concept that everyone in his empire is free to practice their religious belief and social customs. He prohibited slavery.

2. Hannibal Barca (247 -183 BC, Carthage)

He is a supreme military commander from Carthage (modern-day – Tunisia). He might be one of the bravest military commanders, and he also full of military tactics and strategy. He was prominent for his attempt to cross mount Alps with his 9,000 cavalry, 37 elephants, and 50,000 infantry, and it seemed totally impossible at the time. His genius tactics showed up in the 2nd Punic war between Rome and Carthaginians. Even his life was so inspiring as a military commander, he committed to suicide to avoid taken by the Roman military.

1. Alexander the Great (356 – 323 BC, Greece)

Alexander got his power and became the king after the assassination of his father. He is the king of Macedonia, Alexander is one of the genius supreme military commanders in the world. He conquered. He conquered most Europe, Africa, and northern India, and he died before his campaign to Arabia. He conquered the land that 50 times larger than what he inherited from his father.


Alexander the Great was the biggest supreme military commander of the ancient world. Hellenic culture was his prominent legacy. This writing was not included some names that can be taken as a modern military commander of the modern era.

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